La Kipá o Yarmulke en Idish, es la pieza de tela redonda que se usa para cubrir la cabeza, utilizada por hombres judíos en todas las épocas. La ley judía requiere que los hombres judíos cubran sus cabezas en señal de reverencia a D-os. Aunque no es una ley explicita en la Torá, al pasar de los años se ha convertido en una costumbre aceptada, que de acuerdo a la mayoría de las opiniones halágicas, el uso de la kipá es obligatorio.
Hoy en día hay muchos tipos de kipot, tejidas, de terciopelo, satín, seda, y mucho más. De hecho, especialmente en Israel, mucha gente se asocia con una secta específica al utilizar un cierto tipo de Kipá. Por ejemplo, es popular que los Jaredim utilicen una kipá negra de terciopelo, y para religiosos sionistas más modernos, se usa una kipá tejida. Por supuesto que hay excepciones, y algunos Jaredim eligen utilizar una kipá tejida o algún otro estilo. Para muchas personas que se vuelven religiosas, elegir la kipá les permite expresarse y tomar orgullo en su nueva encontrada religiosidad.
Guía de Kipot
In the Talmud, there is a story that a certain rabbi always walked around with his head covered in order to remind him of G-d’s constant presence. As a result of this, a tradition arose that Jewish men would walk around with their heads covered with a hat or piece of cloth called a Kippa, also known in Yiddish as a “Yarmulke”. Today the wearing of Yarmulke is a rule amongst many groups of Jews, especially the Orthodox.
¿Qué es Kipá?
A Kippah is a hemispherical head covering usually made from cloth that Jewish men wear minimally in the Synagogue and when performing religious rituals and very often are worn all the time.
¿Qué materiales son usados en las kipot?
Kippot are usually made from cloth, but there are several types of Kippot, including Bukharian, velvet, knitted, Frik, Terylene, leather, and satin Kippot.
Kippot can be decorated like other Judaica items. However, the type of decoration often varies by the material used in the Kippah. Some of the most common decorations include traditional Stars of David, depictions of Jerusalem and floral patterns. However, some Kippot feature cartoon characters, sports team mascots and other modern inventions. It should be noted that such designs are great ideas if you would like to personalize a Kippah for a child. In addition, Kippot can come in numerous colors and are not limited to the black worn by Haredi Jews and may be red, blue, green, black amongst many.
Kippot can be personalized in numerous ways, from simple embroidering of names to having cartoon characters painted or embossed into them. Adult Kippot are seldom decorated and usually are simpler than Children’s Kippot although they sometimes sport decorations as well. Velvet and Terylene Kippot are the easiest to personalize and feature painted or embroidered designs like depictions of Jerusalem, children’s blocks, trains and cars.
Knitted and Frik Kippot are crocheted Kippot. These Kipot must be planned before being decorated as the decorations are part of the Kippah itself. These Kippot typically sport multicolored designs and can be nearly any color imaginable, but they may also sport objects such as college mascots, hobbies or even IDF tanks and airplanes.
Suede and leather Kippot usually have the same designs as the other Kippot, although they may also be more subtle in their decoration with simple embossing. Leather and Suede Kippot come numerous colors and typically are decorated with names, Hebrew letters and modern designs.